In the twenty-fifth class of the Latin from Scratch course, we’ll study the last indicative mood tense: the perfect future. This tense might be the most uncommon one. Probably the most important part is learning how to tell the difference between perfect future and perfect subjunctive.
I explain everything in the following video ():
Morphology of the Latin future perfect indicative
Of course, it’s almost the same as with the perfect subjunctive.
The morpheme is…
- ĕr for the 1st person singular
- ĕrĭ for the rest
The result is the following table:
|1st conjugation||2nd conjugation||3rd conjugation||mixed conjugation||4th conjugation|
Perfect future indicative of the verb sum
Once again, nothing we don’t know already.
Perfect subjunctive or perfect future indicative?
We already know that these two tenses are almost identical, so how can we know what we have in a specific text?
The key is the context: the perfect future is rarely used, and it only appears when there is a simple future in a related sentence.
Now let’s finish with the last subjunctive mood tense.